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Sub family: Caesalpinioideae
Characteristics: Deciduous tree to 30 -60 m
Seeds per packets: 20
A stately deciduous tree that grows rapidly and can attain a height of 3.5-5 m in two years or less.
Normally a single stem tree, new leaves are attractively tinted bronze. Deciduous in the cool or dry season. lowers appear on tree when leafless with heads hanging down from branch ends each 12 cm long in a display of scarlet blooms.
Also makes an ideal bonsai specimen.
Native to Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal and Thailand
Adaptable to a range of temperate to tropical areas but prefers a humid or sub-humid tropic with a short, dry spell. Sensitive to frost.
Although seed can be sown most of the year in Australia seed is generally best sown in spring or autumn, avoid the coldest and hottest months of the year. The optimum germination temperature for germination is around 20-24°C.
Seeds germinate readily, however they do have a hard outer coating which is impervious to water and generally germination will normally not occur unless the seed is scarified by abrading or pre-treated with boiling water first.
General note: Seeds of many natives are dormant and require specific conditions or pre-treatment for germination.
Do not be too hasty to discard seed that does not germinate, seeds will often lay dormant until the conditions are similar to their natural requirements for germination to occur. Containers put to one side will often surprise long after they were discarded.