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Characteristics: Shurb or small tree 3-5 m
Seeds per packets: Approx. 20
An extremely attractive and variable coniferous shrub or rarely a small tree with one or more trunks with dark shiny green shiny, needle-like foliage. It produces oval, dark brown cones around 5cm long.
A hardy classic Mediterranean low growing pine that is good for wind-swept locations and is used often in a Japanese garden style landscapes. Suitable for planting in gardens or in larger pots and planters.
Also used widely in the art of bonsai.
Native to Europe and can be found in the Pyrenees, Alps, Erzgebirge, Carpathians, Apennines and higher Balkan Peninsula mountains.
Adaptable to a wide range of soils and conditions. Tolerant of sub-Alpine conditions.
Although seed can be sown most of the year in Australia seed is generally best sown in spring or autumn, avoid the coldest and hottest months of the year. The optimum germination temperature for germination is around 18-22°C
Cold stratification is recommended.
Cold treatment may not be critical for germination to occur in colder regions but should give increased germination rates.
This can be replicated by cold stratification in the refrigerator for 4-6 weeks. Alternatively over wintering in the garden in cold climates will assist germination.
General note: Seeds of many natives are dormant and require specific conditions or pre-treatment for germination.
Do not be too hasty to discard seed that does not germinate, seeds will often lay dormant until the conditions are similar to their natural requirements for germination to occur. Containers put to one side will often surprise long after they were discarded.